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Sheridan County, Wyoming

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sheridan County, Wyoming
Map of Wyoming highlighting Sheridan County
Location in the state of Wyoming
Map of the United States highlighting Wyoming
Wyoming’s location in the U.S.
Founded 1888
Seat Sheridan
Largest city Sheridan
 • Total 2,527 sq mi (6,545 km2)
 • Land 2,522 sq mi (6,532 km2)
 • Water 4 sq mi (10 km2), 0.15%
 • (2010) 29,116
 • Density 12/sq mi (4.46/km²)

Sheridan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of 2010, the population was 29,116. The county seat is Sheridan.[1] It is south from the Montana state line.




Sheridan County was created by the legislature of the Wyoming Territory on March 9, 1888.[2] The county was formed from land ceded from Johnson County. Sheridan County was named for Philip Sheridan, a general in the American Civil Warand controversial Indian fighter.[3]

In 1897, Big Horn County was created by removing lands from Sheridan County, along with lands from Fremont County, and Johnson County. The boundaries of Sheridan County were slightly modified in 1911 and 1929, but have remained stable since then.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,527 sq mi (6,545 km²) making it over 1,000 square miles (2,600 km2) larger than the state of Rhode Island. Of that 2,523 sq mi (6,535 km²) is land, and 4 sq mi (10 km²) (0.15%) is water.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 1,972
1900 5,122 159.7%
1910 16,324 218.7%
1920 18,182 11.4%
1930 16,875 −7.2%
1940 19,255 14.1%
1950 20,185 4.8%
1960 18,989 −5.9%
1970 17,852 −6.0%
1980 25,048 40.3%
1990 23,562 −5.9%
2000 26,560 12.7%
2010 29,116 9.6%

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 26,560 people, 11,167 households, and 7,079 families residing in the county. The population density was 10/sq mi (4/km²). There were 12,577 housing units at an average density of 5/sq mi (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.88% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 2.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.8% were of German, 12.3% English, 10.3% Irish, 7.1% American, 6.0% Norwegian and 5.1% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 11,167 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.60% were non-families. 30.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,538, and the median income for a family was $42,669. Males had a median income of $31,381 versus $20,354 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,407. About 8.60% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Wyoming Department of Family Services Juvenile Services Division operates the Wyoming Girls’ School, located in unincorporated Sheridan County, near Sheridan.[5][6] The facility was operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform until that agency was dissolved as a result of a state constitutional amendment passed in November 1990.[7]




Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up^ “Find a County”. National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  2. Jump up^ Long, John H. (2006). “Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies”Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
  3. Jump up^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87842-204-8.
  4. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. Jump up^ “Wyoming Girls’ School.” Wyoming Department of Family Services. Retrieved on August 22, 2010. “Wyoming Girls’ School 3500 Big Horn Ave Sheridan, WY 82801”
  6. Jump up^ “Sheridan city, Wyoming.” U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  7. Jump up^ “About the Department of Corrections.” Wyoming Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.

Further reading[edit]

  • Georgen, Cynde. In the Shadow of the Bighorns: A History of Early Sheridan and the Goose Creek Valley of Northern Wyoming. Sheridan, Wyoming: Sheridan County Historical Society, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9792871-7-6.
  • Georgen, Cynde. Snippets of Sheridan County History: 366 Newsy Little Stories from the First 125 Years of Sheridan County, Wyoming, 1888-2013. Sheridan, Wyoming: Sheridan County Historical Society, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9792871-8-3.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sheridan County, Wyoming.
Big Horn County, Montana Powder River County, Montana
Big Horn County Campbell County
  Sheridan County, Wyoming
Johnson County

Municipalities and communities of Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States

 State of Wyoming

Coordinates44.79°N 106.88°W