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Canadian County, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Canadian County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Canadian County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma’s location in the U.S.
Founded March, 1890
Named for Canadian River
Seat El Reno
 • Total 905 sq mi (2,344 km2)
 • Land 900 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (14 km2), 0.60%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 122,560
 • Density 135/sq mi (52/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone CentralUTC-6/-5

Canadian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 115,541.[1] Its county seat is El Reno.[2] Canadian County is also part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Canadian County is named for the Canadian River.[3]




Canadian County was formed in 1889 as County Four of Oklahoma Territory.[4] It was named after the Canadian River, which runs through the county, and settled by white settlers after the April 22, 1889, land run that opened up Native American land.[4] It was expanded by a second land run in 1892.[4]

The county was where the last great battle between the Cheyenne, Arapaho and the United States Army took place.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 905 square miles (2,343.9 km2), of which 900 square miles (2,331.0 km2) is land and 5 square miles (12.9 km2) (0.60%) is water.[5] The county lies mostly within the Red Bed Plains, a subregion of the Osage Plains physiographic region, although it northwestern corner is in the Gypsum Hills. The county is drained by the North Canadian River and the Canadian River, which both flow through the county from northwest to southeast.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 7,158
1900 15,981 123.3%
1910 23,501 47.1%
1920 22,288 −5.2%
1930 28,115 26.1%
1940 27,329 −2.8%
1950 25,644 −6.2%
1960 24,727 −3.6%
1970 32,245 30.4%
1980 56,452 75.1%
1990 74,409 31.8%
2000 87,697 17.9%
2010 115,541 31.8%
Est. 2012 122,560 6.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

Age pyramid for Canadian County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data[8]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 87,697 people, 31,484 households, and 24,431 families residing in the county. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 33,969 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.01% White, 2.16% Black or African American, 4.27% Native American, 2.45% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.35% from other races, and 2.72% from two or more races. 3.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,484 households out of which 39.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.30% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.40% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,439, and the median income for a family was $51,180. Males had a median income of $35,944 versus $24,631 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,691. About 5.80% of families and 7.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.70% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[9]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 19,331 30.85%
Republican 36,495 58.24%
Unaffiliated 6,841 10.92%
Total 62,667 100%


Presidential election results[10]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 76.12% 36,428 23.88% 11,426
2004 77.42% 33,297 22.58% 9,712
2000 72.32% 22,679 26.68% 8,367

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Federal Correctional Institution, El Reno in El Reno, Canadian County.[11]


Major highways[edit]


  • Sundance Airpark is a public use airport located in Canadian County, 11 nautical miles (20 km) northwest of the central business district of Oklahoma City. This airport is privately owned.[13]


† Oklahoma City is primarily in Oklahoma County

NRHP Sites[edit]

The following sites in Canadian County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:


  1. Jump up to:a b “State & County QuickFacts”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  2. Jump up^ “Find a County”. National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Jump up^ Oklahoma Historical Society. “Origin of County Names in Oklahoma”Chronicles of Oklahoma 2:1 (March 1924) 75-82 (retrieved August 18, 2006).
  4. Jump up to:a b c Hedglen, Thomas L. “Canadian County,” Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  5. Jump up^ “US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990”United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. Jump up^ Hedglen, Thomas L. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. “Canadian County.” Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  7. Jump up^ “U.S. Decennial Census”. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  8. Jump up to:a b “American FactFinder”United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. Jump up^
  10. Jump up^ “Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections”. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
  11. Jump up^ “FCI El Reno Contact Information.” Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on October 1, 2010.
  12. Jump up^ FAA Airport Master Record for RCE (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 17 December 2009.
  13. Jump up^ FAA Airport Master Record for HSD (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 17 December 2009.

External links[edit]


Municipalities and communities of Canadian County, Oklahoma, United States


Coordinates35.54°N 97.98°W